Sunday 21 October, 9.30am until 10.15am, Garden Room
Historically, our understanding of the Middle Ages has tended to be coloured by the ‘Dark Age’ label, which casts this as a time of cultural famine and stagnation in contrast to the Renaissance and our Classical heritage. Even the dates of the period – roughly between the end of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the early modern period – are obscure and disputed. Medieval studies are seen by many as irrelevant, and are under increasingly threat as a university discipline, while the undoubted appeal of a Dark Age-inspired drama like Game of Thrones has more to do with its exotic barbarism than any real insight into our history.
Yet medievalists insist the era has a wealth of thought, art and culture to rival that of any period in history, to such an extent that scholars now talk of the Carolingian, Ottonian and twelfth-century renaissances, emphasising the richness of an era once considered barren. Poetry from ‘The Wanderer’ to ‘Piers Plowman’, visual art, castles and cathedrals that still dominate the landscape, philosophy, religious and political writing, the foundations of modern science – all these are accessible to us. And there are signs that we are beginning to look more carefully at what is there. Thoughtful TV series on the Crusades and medieval manuscripts, the brilliant British Library exhibition of illuminated manuscripts from the royal collection, versions of Beowulf and Sir Gawain and the Green Knight by leading modern poets, all attest to a thirst to know more about what this period has to offer.
So what lies beyond King Arthur and the Round Table, and some bawdy poems by Chaucer? Is this a period that deserves to be better understood? Might medieval beliefs and attitudes to society, to mankind, to culture and literature offer insights into issues – from the relationship between church and state to the place of man in the universe – that still concern us today?
|Dr Elizabeth Boyle|
research fellow, St Edmund's College; affiliated lecturer, department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse & Celtic, University of Cambridge
graduate, Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic, Trinity College, Cambridge; web copywriter
writer, broadcaster and cultural commentator
|Dr Levi Roach|
lecturer of Medieval History, University of Exeter
writer and teacher; former vice-principal, Harvey Grammar School, Folkestone
We still view European history as taking off with the Renaissance and Enlightenment, but this position gets more out-of-date the more we learnRichard Swan, Independent, 17 October 2012
Over the last six months I have come to see that the Anglo-Saxons were more subtle, more sophisticated, more human and more important in terms of our everyday lives today than I had ever imagined.Graeme Kay, BBC Radio 3, 11 October 2012
You can study a past civilization like an anthropologist observes the people of some South Sea Island, or you could simply relax and appreciate the way they did things, enjoy their art and architecture, literature and music, and peraps try to understand how their society worked and how they looked at the world.Lynn Harry Nelson, Virtual Library
Growing nationalism in the UK’s constituent countries threatens the study of Celtic languages and historyElizabeth Boyle, History Today, 1 August 2012
The government wants a new era of localism and civic engagement. But rather than thinking up new ideas, should they be looking back into England's distant past for inspiration?Justin Parkinson, BBC News, 26 April 2012
For those who already love medieval manuscripts the exhibition is unmissable. For those who don’t (yet), there is a wealth of treasures and surprises that constantly make you recalibrate your assumptions and understandingRichard Swan, Culture Wars, 5 January 2012
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne and the Carolingian Renaissance.In Our Time, BBC Radio 4, 30 March 2006
Ground Zero Tolerance: America's Culture War
"The Battle of Ideas is a weekend like no other. I found the 2011 festival immensely stimulating. It gave me a great deal to think about, and a whole new list of books to read - from Virgil to Vygotsky. On to greater battles in 2012!"
Ken Macleod, award-winning science fiction writer; author, The Restoration Game and Intrusion