Saturday 29 October, 1.30pm until 3.00pm, Henry Moore Gallery Society Wars
A central idea in Prime Minister David Cameron’s vision of a ‘Big Society’ is that the state needs to encourage us to change our behaviour so we are less dependent on public services in health and welfare. The much-touted phrase ‘from nanny to nudge’ suggests the Conservative-led government wants to move away from New Labour’s more explicit approach to regulating our lifestyles. Instead of ‘sticks’ like bans or punitive taxes, the talk is of ‘carrots’, rewards and inducements. So, while every other budget is being cut, in areas with the highest levels of obesity, alcohol problems and poor diet, local authorities can have extra money from a ring-fenced budget to nudge citizens into achieving public health goals. Number 10’s Behavioural Insight Team (dubbed the Nudge Unit) is looking to behavioural psychology and neuroscience for effective ways to get citizens to make better lifestyle choices. For example, it is argued that ‘peer-to-peer techniques’ influence young people’s behaviour in areas like sexual health and drinking more effectively than lectures from authority figures. The cabinet paper Mindspace: Influencing Behaviour through Public Policy suggests that because ‘people are sometimes seemingly irrational and inconsistent in their choices’, attention should be shifted away from ‘facts and information’; instead policy makers should manipulate our ‘choice architecture’ to ‘change behaviour without changing minds’. At the same time, citizens are to be encouraged to take on a more active role in areas that local and national government have traditionally run, including housing, youth work and social care. Can nudge help recruit a new army of volunteers?
While debate frequently centres on how to change behaviour, on which methods are most effective, should we perhaps reflect on whether changing our behaviour per se is a legitimate aim for government? While the Big Society is supposed to be about ‘people power’, what happens to autonomy and agency when unseen experts and policy wonks seek to subvert competent adults’ decisions about what they eat, how many units they drink or whether they give up time to help the community? Is it a given that we all agree on ‘the good life’? Who has decided that the model citizen should be exercise-loving, abstemious, non-smoking, volunteering? Is nudge a clever if slightly manipulative version of state interference, or a more progressive way of helping people help themselves?
Listen to session audio:
|Dr Stuart Derbyshire|
reader in psychology, University of Birmingham; associate editor, Psychosomatic Medicine and Pain
|Tiger de Souza|
knowledge and innovation manager, v, The National Young Volunteers' Service
leader, Lambeth Council; councillor, Labour Party, Brixton Hill Ward
research fellow, University of Manchester; co-author, Nudge nudge think think: using experiments to change civic behaviour
professor, education and social inclusion, University of Birmingham; contributing author, When Tomorrow Comes: the future of local public services
What the Neuberger report failed to emphasise was that the deepest problem with nudge is that it is not transformative. Indeed, darkly, this may be why it is so popular. Nudge changes the environment in such a way that people change their behaviour – but it doesn't change people at any deeper level in terms of attitudes, values, motivations, and so on.Jonathan Rowson, Guardian, 19 July 2011
We are being urged to lose weight, donate organs and pay our taxes by a controversial doctrine called nudge theory. It’s at the heart of the Tories’ 'Big Society’ vision, but when does a nudge become a shove?Anjana Ahuja, Daily Telegraph, 8 February 2011
Martin Hickman lifts the lid on the secret Whitehall policy unit dreaming up psychological tricks to alter our behaviourMartin Hickman, Independent, 3 January 2011
The ‘politics of the brain’ is a threat to choice, freedom and democracy – which is why spiked is declaring war against it.Brendan O'Neill, spiked, 1 November 2010
Nudge is a book that has been heavily commented on in the national press in recent weeks, not least because of the authors’ influence on the Obama administration – but primarily as the book has reputedly been heavily influential on our own Prime Minister’s thinkingASK Europe, 7 September 2010
Every day we make decisions: about the things that we buy or the meals we eat; about the investments we make or our children’s health and education; even the causes that we champion or the planet itself. Unfortunately, we often choose poorly...
Richard H Thaler & Cass R Sunstein, Penguin, 4 March 2009