Saturday 30 October, 3.30pm until 5.00pm, Henry Moore Gallery
Music is an essential part of many if not most people’s lives, a source of joy, solace, entertainment and self-expression. But as well as the particular meanings it has for individuals, music also plays several important social roles. Pop music in particular is big business, one of the ‘creative industries’, regarded by many as a key sector of the UK economy. Classical music and its various institutions, from colleges and conservatoires to symphony orchestras and the Royal Opera, forms part of the fabric of the ‘high arts’ and elite culture. And while religion is no longer as central to public life as it was, religious music remains an integral part of worship for thousands of Christians and other believers.
Given the power of music to move people, to bring us together and infuse our lives with meaning in various ways, many argue it can also be a valuable tool for social policy. Whether this means using young people’s interest in music to communicate messages about anything from drugs to the environment, or forming community choirs to help build social cohesion, should the government be using music to achieve social goals? Or does this kind of ‘instrumentalism’ undermine the true value of music as an aesthetic experience?
The most celebrated example of a project using music in this way is Venezuela’s El Sistema, an initiative that over the years has helped thousands of socially deprived young people play in orchestras. Champions of the scheme say it has helped many of its beneficiaries escape a dangerous life of gang culture, as well as producing excellent young musicians - as can be testified by the worldwide acclaim and huge following for the Simon Bolivar Youth Orchestra. There have been several attempts to replicate El Sistema in the UK, such as the Big Noise initiative in the Raploch in Stirling. But can it work here, or is the redemptive power of music less simple than it seems? Sceptics point out that in Venezuela the young musicians are pushed hard to excel, in a way that jars with the more laid-back, participation-focused approach often taken to music education in Britain.
Is the point of such schemes to introduce young people to unfamiliar music and challenge them to broaden their horizons, or simply to get them involved in something wholesome, even if it just means banging a tambourine? Should children be taught to appreciate music in its own terms, even if this has no measurable outcomes? Or at a time when arts budgets are facing cutbacks, should we expect musicians to do more than sing for their supper, and demand that music projects benefit society directly? If music is an instrument of social policy, how much does the music itself matter? Can a more instrumental approach change the way we think about music?
clarinettist; teacher; arts project manager, Royal Philharmonic Society
director and CEO, Sistema Scotland
|Dr Alexandra Lamont|
senior lecturer, psychology of music, Keele University
co-director, NY Salon; co-founder, London's Truman Brewery
presenter, Radio 3's flagship classical music magazine programme Music Matters; chief classical music critic, Guardian
associate fellow, Institute of Ideas; editor, Culture Wars; editor, Debating Humanism; co-founder, Manifesto Club
It is a common tactic in arguing for arts funding to pile on justification after justification, imagining that the more benefits can be named, the stronger the argument. The reverse is often true. The first problem is that claims made for the social benefits of the arts can strain credulity.Dolan Cummings, Independent, 14 October 2010
Group from Big Noise Orchestra - featuring kids from the estate - to play in Stirling Castle's historic Great Hall.STV, 30 July 2010
It would be brilliant if El Sistema, Venezuela’s social movement for classical music education, came to Britain. But there are obstacles.Frank Furedi, spiked, 29 January 2010
Rock music stole classical music’s thunder when it took over the role of providing society’s songs and dances, not least by absorbing the power of electricity to provide the level of energy that an increasingly sex and technology obsessed society needed.Rachel Halliburton, Culture Wars, 13 November 2009
Venezuela's successful youth orchestra system is to be imported here - but it could do more harm than goodTom Service, Guardian Classical Blog, 26 June 2008
The capacity of music to reveal to us the truth of an important dimension of existence has inspired generationsFrank Furedi, Daily Telegraph, 27 April 2008
It is apparent that cross-community development of music skills has been and continues to be an effective means of addressing prejudice with young people.Oscar Odena, Queen's University, December 2007
What matters is not simply bums on seats, but the engagement of a particular audience. Before any artform can be universal, it has to be particular. It is particular scenes or artistic milieux that give birth to new ideas, and also keep a tradition alive; without them, tradition quickly degenerates into heritage.Dolan Cummings, Culture Wars, 22 February 2007