Saturday 30 October, 12.15pm until 1.15pm, Courtyard Gallery Battle for Social Policy
David Cameron’s ‘Big Society’ is the big idea of the new government, but what does it actually mean? Is it about individual liberty and freedom from overweening government, or something to do with rebuilding community and reforming public services? Though it failed to resonate during the General Election, there has been considerable interest since the new government began cutting public spending, and looking to the public to help do ‘more for less’. For Cameron, the Big Society reflects his ‘profound faith in my fellow human beings and a healthy awareness of the state’s limitations’. Too much government is inhibiting, he says, it can have the effect of ‘undermining social and personal responsibility’, and end up ‘making things worse’. The ‘state will assume a new role as an agitator for social renewal’, he says. Public services will be ‘cheaper to deliver… while bringing communities together. It might even restore people’s trust in the political process’.
But is the Big Society really such a new ‘big idea’, or have we heard it all before? The National Citizen Service, the Big Society Bank, and ‘army of community organisers’, are arguably no more than a reframing of New Labour initiatives around volunteering and ‘community’. Nevertheless, the rise of social enterprises and the mutualisation of public services do seem to speak to the old fashioned notion that people can come up with their own solutions to problems. Maybe parents can run their own schools, nurses can start up their own cooperatives, and concerned locals can manage parks and elect police authorities.
Perhaps all this is little more than a smokescreen for official inertia. But it could also be an opportunity, not only for social innovators to inject a bit of life back into the public sector, but for the rest of us to claim the Big Society for ourselves. For all Cameron’s supposed ‘faith’ in individuals to get on with their lives free from state interference, illiberal initiatives persist. Whether it’s policing how we raise our children, our behaviour online, or our unhealthy lifestyles offline, the state is never far away. If the autonomy of individuals is in doubt, then so is the Big Society. On the other hand, shouldn’t we be questioning the eagerness of politicians to ‘hand over the keys’? And should we be turning our backs on post-war achievements like the NHS, social housing or a universal education? Should civil society be expected to fill the gaps as public services are cut, and ‘do-it-yourself’ services put in their place? Perhaps in times like these we need Big Government, and a Big Politics to match?
Listen to session audio
community development consultant, Local Level; writer, Neighbourhoods blog
|Dr James Panton|
teacher, politics and history, Stowe School, Buckingham; associate lecturer in social science, the Open University; co-founder, Manifesto Club
leader, Lambeth Council; councillor, Labour Party, Brixton Hill Ward
co-editor The Future of Community; contributor to SocietyGuardian and Huffington Post; public and community sector consultant; convenor, IoI Social Policy Forum
An Office for Civil Society consultation on improving support for frontline civil society organisationsOffice for Civil Society, 19 October 2010
I've heard cynicism, optimism and eagerness in equal amounts. I reckon a lot of people are prepared to get out there and roll their sleeves up, though they aren't sure how many people are going to join them. Clearly I have been talking to people the researchers describe as 'pro-social': so whilst all had heard of the Big Society, I reckon two-thirds had no idea what it means.Karl Wilding, National Council for Voluntary Organisations, 3 October 2010
Observations on Social Reform, Big Society, and ShoreditchNat Wei, Nat Wei's Blog, 2010
Commentary on the Big Society from Kevin Harris' Neighbourhoods blogKevin Harris, Neighbourhoods, 2010
Large national charities are amongst the most trusted of institutions in the country and have grown in size because big problems often require big solutions.Stephen Bubb, Bubb's Blog, 15 September 2010
Times are hard, but Cameron's idea could unlock the 'hidden wealth' in our communitiesDavid Halpern, Prospect, 24 August 2010
The jury is out on whether David Cameron’s flagship initiative will really reduce the role of the state in our lives.David Clements, spiked, 27 July 2010
David Cameron talks pleasantly about lowering inequality. But his ideas are a messPhilip Collins and Richard Reeves, Prospect, 17 December 2009